common deposition

Common Deposition Questions

This blog is about common deposition questions asked by attorneys.

Depositions are used to gather pretrial information during the discovery process by gaining the witness’s sworn testimony and for later use in court. Depositions are brought on usually by an attorney in lieu of a court reporter either in the attorney’s office or in a conference room provided by the court reporter. This is where the deponent will be sworn in by said court reporter and commence answering the truth to any questions lawfully asked by the attorneys present. Deposition questions can vary case by case, but here are some introductory questions often asked by attorneys.

Introductory Questions

These types of questions have two general purposes, to ease the witness into the deposition process and to keep the witness honest throughout the deposition.

  1. Do you understand that you are under oath and that being under oath means you are sworn to tell the truth?
  2. Have you ever had your deposition taken in the past?
  3. Do you understand that your responses here have the same impact as if you were in a courtroom with a judge and jury?
  4. Are you prepared to answer my questions today?
  5. Are you taking any medications that will prevent you from answering my questions?
  6. Will you let me know if you don’t understand one of my questions?
  7. If you need to take a break at any time, just tell me, and we’ll take a break. Is that okay?

The purpose of these common deposition questions is for the overall protection of the witness and the attorney asking the questions.

If you are looking for experienced Phoenix court reporters to handle your next deposition with precision and professionalism, call us today or schedule with us online.

 

Web Conferencing With Phoenix Court Reporters

Benefits of Web Conferencing

Benefits of Web Conferencing

This blog is about the benefits of web conferencing. Most attorneys take considerable time and effort in order to interview witnesses and to take depositions. This innovation is now making it where attorneys interviewing witnesses in other states no longer have to take expensive flights out of town or charge outrageous fees to do so.  Here are a few other benefits.

Saves both time and money

Web conferencing provides both audio and visual connectivity with the deponent. In turn, this means there is little to no travel time nor any money being spent on unnecessary travel costs or travel arrangement hassles along the way.  So all that needs to be done is scheduling a deposition with a court reporter somewhat close by the witness’s location at a time convenient for all parties involved.

Better Quality Video

As some of you may already know, video conferencing is a separate camera recording, then the video is transferred over the internet, whereas internet conferencing uses a camera built into the device sending the data, thus giving a much clearer image. Many different devices can be used while recording a deposition, such as smartphones, tablets and laptops without any lags or drops in service.

No additional equipment needed with web conferencing

There is no additional equipment used, so you get the added benefits of video conferencing without having the hassle or cost of setting up bulky equipment.

If you are looking for hassle-free depositions handled with the utmost professionalism and courtesy, please call today or schedule your next deposition online with us today.

 

 

 

 

 

Facts About Court Reporting

Fun Facts About Court Reporting

Fun Facts About Court Reporting

This blog is about fun facts about court reporting. When you think of court reporting, the last thing you associate it with is fun, right?  Well, we would like to turn those thoughts around and brighten up court reporting with a few fun facts you probably didn’t know.

  1. Scribes were present with our Nation’s Founding Fathers as The Declaration of Independence and Bill of Rights were drafted. Also,  President Lincoln entrusted scribes to record the Emancipation Proclamation.
  2. The ampersand (&) is one of the earliest examples of shorthand.
  3. Capturing the record of important proceedings dates back to the Fourth Century B.C.
  4. Charles Dickens began his career as a court reporter at the age of 16. It was during his four-year career as a court reporter and law clerk that he first learned shorthand. Michelle Pfeiffer also studied to be a court reporter just before the roles that made her famous.
  5. Annual salaries of captioners and court reporters can reach up to (or even exceed) $80,000.
  6. According to an industry outlook study, there is currently a demand for more than 5,500 court reporters and captioners.
  7. There are a few different types of court reporters. There are the court reporters that work in a courtroom all day and actually work for the court system; then there are freelance court reporters who mainly focus on depositions for attorneys in civil litigation.

If you are looking for court reporters that are the right fit for your needs, I invite you to schedule a deposition today. We have been serving attorneys and law firms in Phoenix, AZ for over 30 years. Come see the difference that we make in Phoenix court reporting.

attorney preparing witnesses depositions

Attorney Tips for Preparing Witnesses for Depositions

Attorney Tips for preparing witnesses for depositions.

Attorney tips for preparing witnesses for depositions is the name of this week’s blog. At Phoenix Deposition Services, we’re proud to provide several certified court reporting services that are highly beneficial to both attorneys and clients alike. From our video conferencing and deposition services to real-time court reporting and several related areas, we ensure you have access to quality deposition content as quickly as possible so you can move forward with your case.

Whether you’re an experienced attorney with years on the job or a newer entry to the field, managing a witness for a deposition is a tricky but vital area to consider. Let’s look at a few basic tips we can offer on properly preparing and managing a witness, including several areas that will maintain your own legal integrity and will ensure you’ve checked all the proper boxes.

Pre-Deposition Practice

For starters, it’s important to understand that the vast majority of people you might call as a deposition witness have no experience with the procedures associated with this or any part of a courtroom. Most people simply haven’t been in these situations before, so they might be nervous or somewhat intimidated by what’s facing them.

For this reason, it’s important to adequately prepare them in advance. It’s vital for us to make a major distinction here: As an attorney, you cannot actively coach the witness on what to say or how to respond to certain questions favorably. However, you can absolutely provide examples of the sorts of questions they might receive, detail the procedures that will take place, and explain why the deposition is important and how it may impact the case. You can also give general tips on deposition etiquette and other areas not directly related to the case in question.

Reviewing Court Rules

Another important area to go over with your witness is any rules or regulations present in the courtroom. Let them know about the kinds of motions or objections you might make as an attorney, plus inform them of any conferencing rules that are present for the deposition.

This conferencing area is important – witnesses must know the procedure for private conferences if they wish to speak with you during the deposition. In addition, they should be made aware that these kinds of conferences, if allowed (they might not be in some situations), might lead to general distrust or related issues with their testimony. If at all possible, encourage witnesses not to engage in a private conference unless absolutely necessary.

Clients and False Statements

In a rare situation where your witness makes an untrue statement that you know is false, the law is clear: It requires you to “remonstrate with the client confidentially, advise them of the lawyer’s duty of candor to the tribunal and seek the client’s cooperation with respect to the withdrawal or correction of the false statements or evidence.”

In other words: If your witness lies and you know it, you are legally required to start a private conference with them and advise them to recant their statement. For this reason, it’s also very important to inform your witness in advance about the vital nature of being truthful and honest throughout the deposition.

For more on preparing and managing a deposition witness, or to learn about any of our court reporters or video depositions, speak to the staff at Phoenix Deposition Services today.

deposition technologies

Deposition Technologies of Today

Deposition Technologies of Today

This blog is about the deposition technologies of today. Over the last five years, deposition strategies and technologies have rapidly evolved. The development of newer and more efficient methods of reporting has made it universally more beneficial for not only court reporters but attorneys as well. Those that have adopted the newer techniques have saved time, expense and gained a valuable advantage in the preparedness of their case.

We can now offer enhanced tools we highly recommend attorneys take advantage of during the deposition process. Incorporating these newer and more advanced technologies, we greatly reduced the risk of error through miscommunication or misunderstanding during a witness’ testimony. These methods have consistently provided a smoother deposition process and have created a clearly marked advantage by moving attorneys closer to settlement or trial.

Remote Deposition Technologies

Remote deposition technology has taken a huge leap forward in the last five years.  It has also had one of the greatest impacts on attorneys by saving crucial time and the expense of travel, not to mention, effectively expediting the entire deposition process. Remote depositions allow witnesses to be deposed from anywhere in the world which adds to productivity as well as convenience. Very few things are required for participating remotely for deponent and an attorney: high-speed internet connection, laptop or tablet with an HD camera and microphone and a quiet place to conduct business.

Electronic Exhibits

Printed copies of your materials require costly amounts of time to reproduce and greater expense. They also require space for storage, then they must be transported and presented. Digital exhibition software allows for attorneys to replace the binders and boxes with more compact and secure devices. These electronic files are easily distributed to the court reporter, opposing counsel and other parties involved. This greatly reduces the risks of potential document loss, damage or mishandling.

Going digital greatly reduces document preparation and anyone granted access to these secured documents can access them from anywhere there is a device connected to the internet. These features facilitate smoother communication and expedited collaboration between attorneys, witnesses and the courts without sacrificing the security of your documents.

These are just a couple of the great innovations we have at our disposal today. Phoenix Deposition Services is dedicated to staying up with the times and abreast of the latest technologies. Schedule your next deposition with us using our easy online scheduling page.

 

 

certification

Types of Certification for Court Reporters

Types of Certification for Court Reporters

This blog is about the types of certification that court reporters can possess and which one will be right for your needs.

  • Registered Professional Reporter (RPR). One of the most basic reporting certifications is passing the RPR exam. This is a skills test on literary phrases, question responses, and jury charge material and must be given at a speed of up to 225 words per minute. Reporters must also pass general knowledge tests involving court reporting practices, professionalism, and technology platforms. In addition, reporters must complete three continuing education units every three years to maintain RPR status.
  • Registered Merit Reporter (RMR). RMRs carry all of the qualifications as RPRs, but RMRs have passed their speed skills tests with a score of 240 words per minute or better.
  • Certified Realtime Reporter (CRR). CRRs have additional skills in instant voice-to-text (known as realtime) transcription. These reporters are required to pass a test accurately transcribing in realtime at speeds up to 200 words per minute and must complete three continuing education units every three years.
  • Certified CART Provider (CCP). Communication Access Realtime Translation (CART) is an assistive technology that allows hearing-impaired individuals to read spoken dialogue in realtime. A CCP must be able to deliver realtime reporting in CART software at speeds between 180-225 words per minute, as well as completing three continuing education units every three years.

If you are looking to become a court reporter and have received adequate schooling, you may obtain your certification by following this link. For more helpful information about court reporting please visit our website’s blog page.

If you are looking for professional and certified court reporters in Arizona, schedule online today with Phoenix Deposition Services.

factors wrongful termination depositions

Important Factors in Wrongful Termination Depositions

Important Factors in Wrongful Termination Depositions

This blog is about important factors in wrongful termination depositions. Among the more difficult and occasionally awkward forms of civil cases out there, wrongful termination cases stand out. Clients in these cases often feel as though they’ve been treated unfairly, while companies will maintain that termination was well within their rights and did not break any area of the law.

At Phoenix Deposition Services, our court reporters are regularly called out to provide video conferencing, reporting and other services for wrongful termination cases. These cases will often contain contradicting accounts of events and potentially combative statements, and attorneys preparing for such cases should proceed accordingly. In addition, here are three prominent themes that will generally be given high priority during these cases, allowing attorneys and their clients to focus on the proper details.

Company Policy

While most wrongful termination cases come down to context and detail, one area that’s generally on the side of the plaintiff is the company’s own worker policy. Attorneys and clients should go over all documentation or other materials the employee received when beginning work at the company, documents that generally contain detailed information on company policies.

For instance, many larger corporate entities have processes that eventually lead to termination: Employees will be allowed one or two formal warnings in some cases, or maybe disciplined more lightly as a warning before being terminated. If you can prove, however, that the company did not follow such a procedure that’s laid out in their policy, you’ll have a leg up toward proving wrongful termination. In addition to viewing specific documentation, work for evidence that the policies therein were clearly communicated and explained to employees.

Importance of Supervisors

A former supervisor may become one of the most important deponents in any wrongful termination case. This person can act as a witness for the employee’s performance, work ethic, and other important areas. Attorneys and former employees should confer in advance here, as not all supervisors will necessarily give friendly answers and some might not be credible. However, in cases where harassment or retaliation from a supervisor played a role in the termination, deposing this person will become even more vital for different reasons.

Work History

Finally, one of the best ways an employee can present their case for wrongful termination is to establish a strong, reliable work history. This can include both the job they were dismissed from and previous employment situations – if necessary, former supervisors or coworkers from these previous jobs can even be deposed to provide evidence of the employee’s hard work. If work history records show positive areas, such as Employee of the Week/Month awards or some other recognition, be sure to highlight these prominently while making your case.

For more on what to expect during wrongful termination depositions, or to learn about any of our video depositions or other services, speak to the staff at Phoenix Deposition Services today.

right court reporter

Choosing The Right Court Reporter

Choosing The Right Court Reporter

Choosing the right court reporter may often prove difficult when you have traveled to an unfamiliar city and there are so many court reporting firms to choose from. One mistake can cause many trickle-down negative effects onto your case, in court, and during a deposition.  When the outcome of your case depends on accurate information to be well-organized by a professional Phoenix court reporter, follow these tips.

Ask if their facilities will meet your needs

Before scheduling your next deposition, first ask if their facilities will meet the needs of your clients and the number of deponents and staff you may have in attendance; if your clients have special needs, such as needing wheelchair access to the building; can these needs be met through the conference suite provided by your court reporter; will it be a quiet and professional atmosphere for you to conduct business.

Be sure to ask about high-speed internet access or proper video conferencing equipment.

Can your court reporter set up an interpreter or video recording of the deposition if needed?

When a witness is not able to be present, video-recorded testimony can be a very powerful tool to a judge or jury in court. Perhaps an expert witness will not be present for your day in court.  Ask your potential court reporting firm if they will be able to provide Hi-Def, high-resolution video recording of their deposition. Perhaps an interpreter is needed. Can your court reporter provide this as well?

At Phoenix Deposition Services, we cover a wide array of services to meet your needs by professional and precise Phoenix, AZ court reporters. Call us today or schedule your next deposition using our easy online scheduling page.

malpractice deposition

The Medical Malpractice Deposition

The Medical Malpractice Deposition

The Deposition Process

The medical malpractice deposition will never take place in a courtroom; often it will be held on common ground, such as an attorney’s office or a conference room provided by the court reporter. You will be sworn in by the court reporter, who will be transcribing the event. Then comes the direct examination. It is where the defendant’s attorney asks a series of questions that you must always answer truthfully.

After that comes the cross-examination, where after the opposing attorney has finished examining you, your own attorney will then have an opportunity to ask other questions. In most cases, cross-examination is limited to questions that pertain to those asked during direct examination.

Once done, cross-examination has taken place, the opposing attorney will then be allowed to ask even more questions known as the “redirect”.  The deposition then ends with your own attorney following up with a few more questions, which is called a re-cross.

Medical malpractice deposition recommendations

At times medical malpractice depositions can be exceptionally brutal; however, there are things that can ensure a successful deposition. To begin with, being on time with a professional appearance is a must. You should also:

  • Know your case. Don’t make up things in order to fill in gaps. Facts are facts, so stick to them.
  • Remain confident and avoid becoming angry or making derogatory statements.
  • Rehearse ahead of time with your attorney or even at home with a friend or family member

We hope you found this article informative and enjoyable. To learn more, visit our blog page and enjoy. If you are looking for the very best in medical malpractice depositions, call us today at Phoenix Deposition Services.